Malaria and typhoid fever are diseases of major public health importance in Africa for they are claiming lives right across the continent, the population in every country is at risk with children and pregnant women being among the most vulnerable. There were 35, 000,000 incidents for both Malaria and Typhoid in 2009 a tragically large value.
Both Malaria and typhoid fever have been associated with poverty and underdevelopment. Malaria remains a major cause of human mortality in the world especially in the tropics and outstanding in sub-Saharan Africa affecting mainly children and pregnant women. Malaria remains arguably the greatest menace of African society in terms of morbidity and mortality. The occurrence of malaria in Africa correlates with poverty, ignorance and social deprivations in the community. 90% of all malaria deaths in the world today occur in the sub-Saharan Africa and this is because majority of diagnosis of the infections are complicated by the presence of other infection and most worrying here is Typhoid.
Typhoid fever is widely recognized as a major public health risk, it is a systemic infectious disease characterized by an acute illness, the first typical manifestations are fever, headache, abdominal pain, relative bradycardia, splenomegaly, and
leukopenia11. Typhoid fever kills over 20 million each year worldwide with Africa’s accounting for over 70% of these victims, there are many contributing factors rapid population growth, increased urbanisation, limited safe water, infrastructure and poor health systems, the number of cases occurring is still rising.
Many of Africa’s emerging economies have no central sewage collection and disposal system. Every home in the urban and semi-urban areas utilizes block lined private septic and soak away pits for excreta and sewage disposal. The rural areas use unlined toilet pits with no provision for waste water. Even in the urban and semi-urban areas that use septic and soak-away pits or water systems, and there is often a lack of water to run the system. Yet in the rural settings, approximately half of the population does not have even the pit toilet.
This project brings together the issues of health and hygiene with those of sanitation, pollution and the environment and promote awareness of how these areas are interrelated and how they affect everyone in the community. The project aims to ensure that all segments of the community understand these diseases and how they can and have to play a vital role in the controlling of Malaria and Typhoid. This project will educate the community in how sanitation and environmental pollution contributes to these diseases and promote behavioral changes.
Clean Up principles’ of human dignity and quality of life; decision-making involving all stakeholders; waste considered as a resource, with as much recycling as possible; and waste managed close to its source, with as little water as possible.